Diabetic retinopathy: Prevention and Care tips you need to know!

Diabetic retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a common eye disease seen among all diabetic patients. Glaucoma and cataract are other eye diseases which affect diabetic people. The probability of losing eye vision is more in patients with diabetic retinopathy if left untreated. The susceptibility to diabetic retinopathy disease steeply increases with age and with poor control of blood pressure and blood sugar levels.

When the blood sugar level increases, the blood vessels within the retina weakens and causes swelling of retinal blood vessels (macular oedema) and sometimes results in leaking of the blood. The symptoms are not noticed until the disease is advanced. But if you feel any of the following sudden changes like blurred vision, eye pain, eye floaters, or double vision, then immediately book an appointment with an ophthalmologist. Your doctor will run through a dilated eye exam to find out the possible cause for vision impairment. He may recommend you either medications or surgery to manage and treat your eye disease. Buy your prescription medicines online from genuine Online Medicine Discount store and get the medicines quickly supplied at your doorsteps.

Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy:

Tiny blood vessels that nurture retina are blocked in diabetic retinopathy patients. As a result, the eye may attempt to grow new blood vessels, but often the growth of the new blood vessel does not function properly and hence the blood start to leak. In severe cases, this can lead to blindness.

The two types of diabetic retinopathy are Early diabetic retinopathy and advanced diabetic retinopathy.

Early diabetic retinopathy: Early diabetic retinopathy also called nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPTR) results when the blood vessels bulge and leak into the retina. It requires immediate medical attention to address the issue.

Advanced Diabetic Retinopathy: It is also referred to as proliferative diabetic retinopathy. This causes the retinal blood vessels to close off completely and results in the growth of new weak blood vessels in the retina. This form scar tissue and causes the retina to detach from the back of the eye leading to blindness. Contact your healthcare provider in case if you experience sudden vision loss or feel worsening of your vision.

Managing your blood glucose levels helps to prevent diabetic retinopathy. Follow the below- mentioned precautions to minimize the chance of developing diabetic retinopathy and protect your vision from future damage.

1) Maintain your blood sugar level. Try to keep the sugar levels close to the normal blood sugar range. Strictly follow your doctor’s advice and manage your diabetes through medicine, insulin, exercise and diet.

2) Routine eye examination needs to be carried out once in every year. If your ophthalmologist observes any change in the vision during the dilating process, he can begin with the treatment as early as possible.

3) High blood pressure and cholesterol can put you at a greater risk for vision impairment and eye diseases. Try managing both pressure and cholesterol under controls. It not only protects eyes but also protects overall health.

4) The presence of higher levels of ketone in diabetic patients can also cause severe complications. If ketones in the blood are left untreated, it can lead to ketoacidosis. If you have higher levels of ketones, seek medical advice immediately. Your health care provider team will do a physical examination and if required may suggest you an additional test to check for the possible causes of diabetic ketoacidosis. Depending on the test results, your doctor may suggest you with treatment plans and medications. Order your prescription medicines from any reliable online medicine store at your convenience.

5) Exercising regularly can make your eyes healthy and can also aid in maintaining the blood sugar level. Talk to your health care provider and check the type of exercises you need to follow based on your body needs.

6) Take a low sodium diet food.

7) Check with your doctor whether you need to take vitamin and folic acid supplements to address the deficiencies resulted from diabetic treatment. You can order supplements from trusted online medicine shop at a great price. Don’t take any supplement or herbal product on your own to manage diabetes as it can sometimes cause drug interactions. Always speak to your health care provider before taking anything new.

Diabetic retinopathy is a very serious eye disorder in which the walls of the retina get damaged due to increased sugar level. Living a life without vision is an embarrassing situation! So get your vision checked once in a year. With proper management and treatment, the disease can be cured at an early stage. Regulate your blood sugar levels by strictly adhering to your doctor’s advice. Also, never miss a single diabetic dosage. Refill your bottle by ordering medicine from an online pharmacy store in India.